August 28, 2009
We noted in a prior blog entry that Open Access Scholarship got a boon in early 2009, when Harvard faculty decided to make their scholarship available in Institutional Repositories. It marked a point where one of the premiere US Institutions of higher learning explicitly recognized that access to scholarship shouldn’t be limited to those Universities which can pay increasingly prohibitive costs for access through publishers and vendors. Six months later, and on the other end of the access spectrum, Harvard Business Publishing is trying to charge Universities even more to deep-link to articles for which most University Libraries have already paid both the publisher and the EBSCO vendor.
Academic librarians have long questioned the economically voracious model of publishing in academia — Cornell’s public break with Elseivier is probably the most widely known rallying point, and they in turn are vocal and active proponents of OA Scholarship. The recent buzz around making NIH-funded research publically available helps bolster the argument for Open Access among academic publishers. Like government-funded publications, most University research is funded, at least partially, by the University itself, in addition to private or public grants. The traditional commercial publisher model charges that author’s University Library a large subscription rate to have print access and then works with vendors to charge libraries for the convenience of electronic access to that research. Generally a publisher justifies the price by saying that they add value through editing, through sponsoring the peer-review process, and through volume printing costs. With OpenAccess publishing (along with Open Journal systems that can automate peer-review work-flows for scholarly presses), these “added values” are becoming less valued.
The basis, if any, for charging more to have a deep-link to an article, when the professor can aways link to the Library’s vendor-provided abstract (with PDF link or full-text-search link) is unclear. While HBP’s desire to charge for deep-linking to the article in EBSCO doesn’t exactly parallel the motives behind another linking-suit filed against Georgia State University by Oxford, Cambridge and Sage, it appears that they are both related to lost revenue on Course Packs. In the latter suit, the 3 presses claimed that Georgia State University made electronic versions of articles available in online course reserves without proper permission. Ostensibly, their suit was based on the fact that access was not behind a password protected course-page; however, in the course of subsequent statements, they questioned whether “Fair Use” extends to electronic copies hosted on CMS and Library e-reserves (which would both be behind password protections and could be linked to vendor-database links).
August 22, 2009
soy-based ink makes paper recycling easier
With the new semester approaching, the library inevitably thinks about research and writing…and all the extra printer pages and photocopies that get left in the printing rooms or get tossed into the recycle bins. We know this probably happens at your house too, so — in addition to encouraging users to only print what is necessary, to use duplex printing, and use/contribute to our “scrap” piles — we share a couple of “green printing” tips that may also save you money in the process.
A Dutch company — Spranq — has come up with a small-but-effective advance in green-printing by developing their “eco-font” which uses up to 20% less ink. The free, open-source version is geared toward individual home-printing or in-office printing for small companies. The font looks like the “verdana” font and is said to display best in “10-point” setting; but a trial run in our household with an HP photosmart inkjet looked fine at 12 points too. Directions for adding the font to your machine is included on the site. (note: EcoFont Professional for large companies has also been developed, and can be licensed for a fee.)
If you buy ink for your home printer, you might consider ordering your ink cartridges from LaserMonks. They offer ink, toner, fax and copier supplies for many major brands, but sell them for much less money. LaserMonks have also recently introduced a soybean-oil-based toner (rather than the standard petroleum-based toner) which touts three benefits: “It’s easier to recycle paper printed with soy. And perhaps more important in a sour economy, soy toners can cost less than the standard alternative. Soybeans are a renewable resource whose price is likely to be more stable than that of oil” (Ramde). To all these benefits, this we might add that the soy-toners come from a company in Maine, so the carbon footprint is smaller than shipping toners from Taiwan. LaserMonk’s motto is “commerce with compassion,” and Fr. Bernard McCoy, O. Cist. — Steward of Temporal Affairs, Cistercian Abbey and CEO of LaserMonks — expresses their mission best: “By purchasing printing supplies from LaserMonks, our customers not only save money, they support the monks’ modest life of prayer and our good works.”
Thanks to Kevin Rioux for bringing Lasermonks and Ecofont to our attention. For more “green news” by category check out the Sierra Club’s “green life” blog. For a room-by-room guide to a greener home, check out National Geographics’ Green Guide to everyday living. Please also feel free to use our “comments” section to add your own hints, and we’ll compile them on a LibGuide.
Berlin, J. “Holey Grail.” National Geographic, Environment Section. August, 2009. p.14
McCoy, B. “About Lasermonks,” Lasermonks.com website. Retrieved from http://www.lasermonks.com/index.php?main_page=about_us&zenid=e43688d28842995ae78404bc8561b55d, accessed 8/21/2009.
Ramde, D. “Black and White Printing Goes Green with Soy Toner,” abcnews.com website. Apr 22, 2009. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/print?id=7400901. Accessed Aug 21, 2009.
August 18, 2009
The Magna Carta, the Diaries of Anne Frank, the League of Nations Archives, and the Library of the Cistercian Abbey of Clairvaux are among the 35 new items which have recently been added to UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register.
The Memory of the World Register features documentary heritage identified by the International Advisory Committee and endorsed by the Director-General of UNESCO as corresponding to the selection criteria for world significance.
To see detailed information on new inscriptions and the photos of collections, please click here.
We are lucky enough to have the Magna Carta “visiting” us in New York City starting September 15th at the Fraunces Tavern Museum, (where our Outreach Librarian, and fellow LIBlogger, Caroline Fuchs, is a docent). The exhibition will last through December:
“MAGNA CARTA and the Foundations of Freedom” will also reveal how the roots of the U.S. Constitution, Declaration of Independence, Bill of Rights and more all reach back to Magna Carta. It will also trace the freedom struggles of the diverse peoples making up the American social fabric.
For more on the Magna Carta and its impact on Democracy in America, check out the National Archives page dedicated to the Magna Carta.
August 12, 2009
There is an interesting posting “Libraries versus Salinger” on the Duke University Libraries Scholarly Communications @ Duke blog, a “web site [that] is intended to help keep the Duke community informed about developments in scholarly communications, including the application of copyright law and its exceptions to teaching and research.”
In early August, the American Library Association (ALA), the Association Research Libraries (ARL), the Association of College & Research Libraries (ACRL) and others had filed an amicus brief in the appeal of the June 2009 court decision issuing an injunction to stop the U.S. publication of Sixty Years Later: Coming through the Rye, an unauthorized sequel to the Catcher in the Rye, on the grounds that its publication was a likely infringement of J. D. Salinger’s copyright.
August 12, 2009
Controversy and debate continue surround Google’s project to digitize millions of library books (a.k.a. “Google Books“). From copyright to privacy to “reader experience” issues, the pros and cons of the project continue to have media and consumer attention–and continue to spur a lively discussion.
For an update on the conversation regarding the Google Publishing book digitization project and related privacy concerns, read Martin Kaste’s August 12th NPR article “Google-Publishing Deal Raises Privacy Concerns“