unlockSen. John Cornyn’s  (R-TX)  2006 Federal Research Public Access Act  was re-introduced by Sen. Joseph Lieberman (I-CT) on June 25th  ( S.1373 ) to provide for Federal agencies to develop public access policies relating to research conducted by employees of that agency or from funds administered by that agency. ”  

According to  the SPARC website,  this bipartisan act:

 “would require that 11 U.S. government agencies with annual extramural research expenditures over $100 million make manuscripts of journal articles stemming from research funded by that agency publicly available via the Internet. The manuscripts will be maintained and preserved in a digital archive maintained by the agency or in another suitable repository that permits free public access, interoperability, and long-term preservation. Each manuscript will be freely available to users without charge within six months after it has been published in a peer-reviewed journal.”

This is a step forward from the January, 2008 move by the  National Institutes of Health (NIH), to revised its public access policy which:

 “now requires eligible researchers to deposit copies of final manuscripts upon acceptance into a peer-reviewed journal so that they may be made publicly available within 12 months of publication.”

For more on what these government moves toward Open Access entail for University faculty and administrators, see the SPARC site: http://www.arl.org/sparc/advocacy/frpaa/frpaafaq.shtml